National Geographic Kids: Volcanoes!
National Geographic Kids: Volcanoes
by Anne Schreiber
This book has a TON of content specific vocabulary words so it would be great to let those words guide the student reading. You can lead your students in a vocabulary matching activity using a poster that lists all of the words and small paper squares with a matching description on each.
To start, introduce the students to the words they will encounter in the book by briefly reading the words on the poster. Then, give each student (or students could work in pairs) a paper square with a 1-2 sentence description. The students are responsible for matching their description to the correct word on the board. Encourage them to listen carefully during the read aloud to make a correct match.
If you can get enough copies of the book, give the students some time to explore the book independently (or in pairs).
Matching Answer Key
These are the words and descriptions we used for the vocabulary matching activity:
Aa—very sharp mound of volcanic rock
caldera—a crater that is formed when the top of a volcano caves in
cone volcano—a volcano with straight sides and tall, steep slopes
Crater Lake—a deep, clear lake in Oregon formed when the top of Mount Mazama collapsed after an explosion over 6,000 years ago
eruption—when ash and steam spray out of a volcano and hot melted rock called lava pours out
Iceland—a huge island formed about 60 million years ago by an underwater volcano
lava—magma that comes out of the Earth
magma—thick, liquid melted rock
magma chamber—a space deep underground filled with melted rock
Mauna Loa—a shield volcano found in Hawaii
Mid-Atlantic Ridge—the longest mountain range on Earth, most of which is underwater
Mount Etna—a stratovolcano found in Italy
Olympus Mons—the largest volcano in our solar system, found on Mars
- Pahoehoe—smooth rope-like volcanic rock formed when fast, hot, liquid lava hardens
Paricutin—a cone volcano in Mexico that erupted for nine years and was almost as high as the Empire State Building when it stopped
Pele’s Hair—super thin and long strands of volcanic glass
plates—the huge, moving pieces of land that fit Earth like a puzzle
Pumice—volcanic rock with gas trapped inside, making the rock so light, it can float on water
Ring of Fire—the region where many of Earth’s earthquakes and volcanoes happen because the Pacific plate is grinding into the plates around it
shield volcano—a gently sloping volcano formed from hot, liquid lava flows
stratovolcano—a volcano made up of many layers of lava, rock and ash
Surtsey—a volcanic island near Iceland that was formed about 50 years ago
tsunami—large ocean waves created by events like earthquakes and landslides
vent—any opening in Earth’s surface where magma and other volcanic materials come out
Vulcan—a Roman god of fire and iron, the word volcano comes from this name
Yellowstone National Park—an ancient caldera that is one of the biggest supervolcanoes on Earth
National Geographic Kids
National Geographic Kids Video: Volcanoes 101
- What is 1 thing you already knew about volcanoes? What are 3 new things you learned today about volcanoes?
- Imagine you are witnessing a volcanic eruption. What are some words you could use to describe it? Try to think of as many as you can!
A Project Guide to Volcanoes
by Claire O'Neal
Part of the series: Earth Science Projects for Kids
by Sally M. Walker
Explores what volcanoes are and how they can be both harmful and helpful to human beings.
by Don Wood
While their parents are away doing research, brothers Duffy and Sumo Pugg go with their cousin, Mister Come-and-Go, to Kokalaha Island, where they meet Aunt Lulu and become trapped in an erupting volcano. Presented in comic book format.